Old Crystal Reciever
The Marconi Company from England conducted several test broadcasts from different locations in Calcutta. The first concert program was heard at a distance of three miles, and subsequently a discourse from the local gulf club was heard at a distance of 72 miles. This same transmitter was made available on loan to the Calcutta Radio Club, who launched their own radio station in November 1923 under the callsign 2BZ. The Marconi company made another transmitter available to the government in West Bengal who operated their station as 5AF. Both stations in Calcutta, 2BZ and 5AF, were closed when the national government established its own station, 7CA-VUC, in 1927.
The first Broad Casting Centre of Calcutta was set up near the Calcutta High Court in the Temple Chamber. At that time, the only remuneration paid to the performing artistes was the traveling allowance. In the primary stage, headphone radios were used, for which no batteries or aerials were required. Radio programmes were held under a tent in the Maidan. On 26th August, 1927, the Centre was shifted to 1, Garstin Place, with two studies. In 1940, the number of studios increased to six. In 1958, the center was transferred to Eden Gardens. The organization was then headed by Mr. Nripen Majumdar, Mr. Raichand Boral, Mr. Jogesh Chandra Bose, Mr. Rajen Sen, Mr. R.C. Dey, Mr. Pankaj Mallick, etc. Rabindranath Tagore songs were first called Rabindra Sangeet by Pankaj Mallick. In 1931, Smt. Basanteswari, Banikumar joined the organization. In 1932, Raichand Boral conducted the Bengali programme on the day of which was extremely popular.
Old Transmitter Tower
In 1930, the Indian Broadcasting Co. was liquidated. The Government of India then decided to take over. In 1935, under the Viceroy ship of Lord Linlithglow, the Indian State Broadcasting Service became the All India Radio. 2 new stations were set up at Peshwar (N.W.Frontier) and Allahabad (U.P.), to conduct programmes for the rural audience. In 1937, a central news organization (News Service Division) was founded. In 1939, broadcasting was started for foreign audiences. In the year 1940, Professor A.S. Bokhari became the controller of Broadcasting and became the D.G. in 1943. In 1947, there were 6 stations in India & Calcutta, Bombay, Madras, Delhi, Lucknow, Trivendrum; and five principle stations at Baroda, Mysore, Trivendrum, Hyderabad & Aurangabad.